Overview of Guangzhou Port
Guangzhou City is the economic, cultural and logistics center of South China and the largest city in the region. Guangzhou Port can be traced to the same origin as Huangpu Port with a history of thousands of years; Guangzhou Port is regarded as the departure point of China's ancient Maritime Silk Road and serves as the traditional collecting and distributing center for logistics, commerce and information flow in South China.
The former Guangzhou Port and the former Huangpu Port were combined to form the current Guangzhou Port in 1987. As larger-sized ships appeared, the Port Area gradually extended to the sea outlet along the Pearl River. Downtown Port Area, Huangpu Port Area, Xinsha Port Area and Nansha Port Area were successively constructed from the Pearl River to the sea outlet. The Port Areas are mainly distributed along the Pearl River or in the waters of Guangzhou, Dongguan and other cities. Nansha Port Area is a brand-new deep-water port area newly developed and constructed by Guangzhou New Port as a demonstrative project for Guangzhou's "Extension to South" strategy. It is also deemed as the new driving force of Guangzhou Port's container transportation development.
Core Business and Features
Close to the South China Sea, Guangzhou Port is located in the heart of the Pearl River Delta, where China's export-oriented economy is most active, with strong economic influence on surrounding vast hinterland, covering Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan and other provinces. Depending on its competitive geographical advantages, Guangzhou Port has developed into the largest foreign trade port and comprehensive main hub port in South China, and has shipping links to over 400 ports in more than 100 countries and regions world-wide, as well as more than 100 ports in China.
Guangzhou Port Group (GPG) is the largest operating entity within Guangzhou Port, with the largest terminal scale and the most complete functions. Guangzhou Port Co., Ltd. (the Company) is mainly engaged in port cargo handling and storage, as well as waterway cargo transportation, domestic and foreign freight forwarding and shipping agency services; it is committed to provide diversified logistics value-added services such as distribution, packaging, tallying, order processing, inventory management, distribution & coverage, information processing, etc. The Company operates berths at a total length of 25.6 kilometers, including 62 berths above 10,000 tons (with a maximum berthing capacity of 200,000 tons). The Company offers fully functional and diversified terminals, including specialized terminals such as those for containers, coal, ore, grain, petrochemical industry, ro-ro vehicles , as well as general cargo and passenger terminals. It has 23 loading and unloading anchorages above 10,000 tons (with a maximum berthing capacity of 300,000 tons) in the waters of Sanmen Island, Lantau Island, Shajiao, Erhu, Dahao Island and Huangpu Downtown Port; 16 mooring buoys with capacity of 10,000 tons (with a maximum mooring capacity of 70,000 tons) in the waters of Nizhoutou, Dahao Island, Diancao Island and other waters, allowing on-water barging & lightering operations for oil, ore, river sand, grain and other goods, with an annual operating capacity of 10 million tons. GPG is the only port operator, within the Pearl River, being granted the qualification for lightering operations in anchorages for bulk liquid such as petrochemical products. It runs the largest port tugboat operator in South China, which is equipped with 25 high-powered tugboats, and provides port and sea towing, auxiliary ship berthing and disembarkation, safety monitoring, emergency rescue and disaster relief services.
Collecting and Distribution Center
Guangzhou Port is located in the heart of the Pearl River Delta where China's export-oriented economy is the most active. It can be connected to Pearl River Delta, Guangdong Province and even the hinterland of Pan-Pearl River Delta, South China, through the dense Pearl River system, as well as road and railway networks.
Waterway: By means of the developed Pearl River water network, the company is committed to provide efficient, high-quality, convenient and cost-effective water transportation services. it has launched public barge services called "shuttle bus" run by its subsidiary shipping company. Taking Nansha Port Area as the collecting and distribution center, it aims to provide fixed-term, fixed-shift and fixed-price barge transportation services for customers, currently covering major small and medium-sized docks in the Pearl River Delta and connecting to Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan, Guizhou and other regions in China through the Pearl River system; By the end of 2019, the Shipping Company operates 44 foreign trade branch routes and 23 domestic trade branch routes. In addition, the Company also provides offloading services for heavy-lift ships. With nearly 20 years of rich experience, safe and reliable floating crane on-water operating procedures, the Shipping Company has been engaged in offloading and loading operations at Sanmen Island, Lantau Island, Shajiao and off-dock berths, capable of providing all-round offloading services at anchorages for all kinds of large bulk cargo ships all day long.
Railway: Guangzhou Port is connected to the national railway network through the Beijing-Guangzhou, Beijing-Kowloon, Guangzhou-Shenzhen and Guangzhou-Meizhou-Shantou railways, and allowing the cargo to be collected and distributed to every region in China. With professional teams in transportation, maintenance, public works, electricity and other fields, Guangzhou Port Railway Co., Ltd. (the Railway Company), a subsidiary under Guangzhou Port Co., Ltd. operates the railway line at a total length of 60 kilometers, which is directly linked to the operating coastline of such wharf companies as Xingang, GCT and Xinsha. The Railway Company is equipped with three self-operated stations, nine diesel locomotives and advanced supporting equipment, with a railway transportation capacity of 10 million tons/year. The two sets of railway scales that have been put into operation since July 2013, were incorporated into the corresponding management system of the national railway, after being certified by the national railway scale measuring office. They are applicable in safety inspection monitoring and improving loading efficiency, therefore greatly reducing the loss rate of customers' railway business, and being highly praised by railway customers. The Railway Company is a production entity under Guangzhou Port Co., Ltd., mainly responsible for the railway transportation business for cargo assembly and diversion in Guangzhou Port's New Port Area and Xinsha Port Area. With a total length of 60 kilometers, the railway line specially managed by the Railway Company directly covers Xingang Port, Development Zone, Dongguan and Xinsha Port, which is provided with 3 stations and 8 diesel locomotives, operated by a strong professional team in freight transportation, business, maintenance, public works, electricity, train inspection, etc. The railway under the Railway Company is connected with Guangzhou-Shenzhen railway, for distributing the goods to all regions in China, with an annual railway haulage capacity of 10 million tons. The Port Area under its Huangpu Port Branch runs a 2965-meter-long dedicated railway line connecting the Huangpu Station in the National Railway System, and linking with the Beijing-Kowloon Railway and the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway through the Guangzhou-Shenzhen Railway, thereby being integrated into the national railway network. Guangzhou Nansha Port Railway is deemed as a key railway construction project by the Chinese and Guangdong Province governments, starting from Guangzhou Nansha Port in the east, connecting Beijing-Guangzhou Railway through Guangzhou-Zhuhai Railway in the north, making influence on the Chinese central and southern regions, covering Southwest China via connection with Guiyang-Guangzhou Railway, Nanning-Guangzhou Railway and Liuzhou-Zhaoqing Railway in the west. It is an important passage for Guangzhou Nansha Port Dock to connect with the railway transportation network in the central and southern regions and to be integrated into the Belt and Road Strategy. At a total length of 88.026km, consisting of the 79.559km long New Double Line Class I Railway from Heshan South Railway Station to Nansha Port Station, with a design speed of 120 km/h; and 8.467km long New Single Line Class II Railway from Nansha Port Station to South Subdistrict Depot. It has altogether 4 stations along the line (including Heshan South, Huangpu, Wanqingsha and Nansha Port), and South Subdistrict Depot. The total budget approved for the preliminary design is 15.2 billion yuan. The pre-station work has already started in October 2016 and is planned to operate by the end of 2020.
Roads & Expressways: A radial road network centered on Guangzhou is formed, connecting the economically dynamic Pearl River Delta, Guangdong Province and other inland economic hinterland, through National Roads 105, 106 and 107, expressways such as Guangzhou-Shenzhen Expressway, Guangzhou-Foshan Expressway, Guangdong Riverside Expressway, Beijing-Zhuhai Expressway, South China Expressway and Nansha Port Expressway.